Engineering education is expanding but quality engineers aren’t being produced by them. The quality of education dished out can be judged from the scenario that the percentage of ready-to-deploy engineers for IT jobs is dismally low at 2.68 per cent of the among five lakh engineers passing out every year in the country.
In fact, among these five lakh engineers only 17.45 per cent are employable for the IT services sector, while a dismal 3.51 per cent are appropriately trained to be directly deployed on projects. Only 2.68 per cent are employable in IT product companies, which require greater understanding of computer science and algorithms, according to the National Employability Report of Engineering Graduates done by Aspiring Minds.
The report is based on the data of more than 55,000 engineers who graduated in 2011. The report goes deeper to identify patterns in employability across different regions and kinds of colleges, analyzing in detail the distribution of employability.
The baffling situation is more relevant to Andhra Pradesh that has the largest number of engineering colleges in the country. The unbridled growth of colleges without concentrating on quality and employability has done more harm to the students while the managements made tons of money cashing in on the craze. In fact, the report submitted by the three-member committee of the Government has also revealed the same.
The National Employability Report too says concentrating on increasing quantity has impacted quality drastically. It was found that employability decreases logarithmically with the number of colleges in the state. It means opening more colleges is directly impacting the percentage of employable engineers graduating every year. “The need of the hour is to focus on not opening more colleges, but improving the quality in existing institutions,” says the report.
Former Technical Education Commissioner, K. Laxminarayana, who headed the three-member committee of the State Government agrees and says engineering education will be at loss if drastic steps are not taken. A senior official of the Government says focus of the Government has been hijacked by the colleges in the last few years to pay their fee arrears rather than concentrating on quality.
The quality varies drastically with only a few colleges figuring at the top of the quality ladder. With regard to employability distribution among campuses, the survey found that the quality of education falls steeply among the top-ranked colleges, implying that even colleges ranked very closely have very different quality of education. A large number of colleges are at exceptionally low employability. The bottom 45 percentile campuses have less than 1 in 100 candidates employable in an IT product company, while the bottom 20 percentile campuses have none.
The situation is more apt to the State where majority colleges don’t posses the academic and administrative infrastructure and also make no efforts to improve it. Companies don’t even step into more than 70 per cent of colleges for campus recruitments realising that lack of potential candidates there. Top companies visit only the top 50 colleges while the smaller companies recruit from the top 100 colleges. The rest have just no takers.
Source : The Hindu
Hyderabad, Nov 02 : A.P. has 721 engg. colleges with 12.73 p.c. employment, while Jharkhand has 17 colleges with 39.63 p.c. employment. Just 12.73 per cent of engineering students of the State get employed in IT services and 1.24 per cent in the IT product services compared to 39.63 per cent and 14.32 per cent respectively in a ‘backward’ state like Jharkhand.
Andhra Pradesh has 721 engineering colleges while Jharkhand has just 17 colleges. The figures might look startling but the states with large number of colleges suffer with low employable quality of candidates while small states with very few engineering colleges produce better engineers, according to a study by Aspiring Minds, a leading employability measurement company.
The research assumes importance in the wake of all the States asking the AICTE not to permit more engineering colleges. Bigger states like Tamil Nadu and Maharasthra face a similar problem. In Tamil Nadu employability in IT services is just 8.33 per cent for its 595 colleges and in Maharashtra it is 14.28 per cent for its 469 colleges.
In comparison Delhi has 35 colleges while 39.76 per cent of candidates are employable in IT services while Himachal Pradesh has 21 colleges with 39.88 per cent candidates employable. The research is based on employability scores of over three lakh students. Tamil Nadu with more than 550 engineering schools has only one in every 12 engineers employable for an IT services company, while states like Rajasthan and Punjab with colleges between 100 and 200 have one in every five engineers employable.
In Bihar and Jharkhand one in every three engineers are employable and they have only 35 colleges. The study concludes that candidates with no bent of mind for engineering studies are joining just because of the availability of seats thus lowering the value of engineers.
“These findings clearly point out that opening more number of colleges is not the solution but improving skills. In fact, more colleges are creating a higher percent of unemployable engineers leading to social risks of frustration among ‘qualified’ engineers,” feels Himanshu Aggarwal, Co-Founder and Director of Aspiring Minds. “Research last year had pointed out that only four per cent engineers are employable in IT product and 18 per cent in IT services.”
TN with more than 550 engg. colleges has one in every 12 engineers employable in IT services. Rajasthan, Punjab with colleges between 100 and 200 have one in every 5 engineers employable
Source : The Hindu