Download Anna University B-Tech ME 3rd Sem Manufacturing Technology MT Lab Manual Question Paper

Download Anna University B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) Mech Engg.(Mechnical Engineering) 3rd Sem Manufacturing Technology MT Lab Manual Question Paper.

1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
15 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
15 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
15 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


16 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
15 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


16 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













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Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
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3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
15 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


16 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


21 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


21 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

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1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

12 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
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3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
24 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
6 Format No.: FirstRanker/Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

9 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

10 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



11 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
13 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

14 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
15 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


16 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


21 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
24 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


21 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















25 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















25 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
8 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
24 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















25 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















28 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















28 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













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Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











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1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














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23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














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26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















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29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























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1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














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FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
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3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

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Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











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1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

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Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

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Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

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Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























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1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














Viva - voce

32 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.07 SQUARE HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make round work piece to square by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm x 25 mm long
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
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Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
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College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















25 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















28 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























31 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














Viva - voce

32 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.07 SQUARE HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make round work piece to square by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm x 25 mm long
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
33 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Shaping operation has been done on four sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned
into square shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to square work piece by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper


1. What is meant by shaper?
2. What are the various types of shaper?
3. What are the specifications of shaper?
4. W hat are the operations of shaper?
5. What is the application of square head?
6. What is meant by indexing?
7. What are the three types dividing heads?
8. What is cam milling?
9. What are the different types of thread milling?
10. What are the other forming methods for manufacturing gears?
11. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
12. What are the various milling operations?
13. What are the advantages of milling process?
14. What are the down milling processes?
15. What is the various type of milling attachment?







Viva - voce

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
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3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























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1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














Viva - voce

32 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.07 SQUARE HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make round work piece to square by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm x 25 mm long
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
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9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Shaping operation has been done on four sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned
into square shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to square work piece by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper


1. What is meant by shaper?
2. What are the various types of shaper?
3. What are the specifications of shaper?
4. W hat are the operations of shaper?
5. What is the application of square head?
6. What is meant by indexing?
7. What are the three types dividing heads?
8. What is cam milling?
9. What are the different types of thread milling?
10. What are the other forming methods for manufacturing gears?
11. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
12. What are the various milling operations?
13. What are the advantages of milling process?
14. What are the down milling processes?
15. What is the various type of milling attachment?







Viva - voce

34 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.08 HEXAGONAL HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel rod size of dia. 32 mm and length 50 mm
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















25 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























31 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














Viva - voce

32 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.07 SQUARE HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make round work piece to square by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm x 25 mm long
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
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9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Shaping operation has been done on four sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned
into square shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to square work piece by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper


1. What is meant by shaper?
2. What are the various types of shaper?
3. What are the specifications of shaper?
4. W hat are the operations of shaper?
5. What is the application of square head?
6. What is meant by indexing?
7. What are the three types dividing heads?
8. What is cam milling?
9. What are the different types of thread milling?
10. What are the other forming methods for manufacturing gears?
11. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
12. What are the various milling operations?
13. What are the advantages of milling process?
14. What are the down milling processes?
15. What is the various type of milling attachment?







Viva - voce

34 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.08 HEXAGONAL HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel rod size of dia. 32 mm and length 50 mm
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
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9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Follow the same procedure to the other side of the work piece.
11. Shaping operation has been done on six sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned into
hexagonal shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to hexagonal shape by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper


1. What is the function of cutting fluids?
2. What are the properties of cutting fluid?
3. What are the causes of wear?
4. What are the specifications of the milling machine?
5. What are the various movements of universal milling machine table?
6. Distinguish between plain and universal milling machine?
7. What are the cutter holding devices?
8. What are the various type of milling attachment?
9. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
10. What are the advantages of milling process?
11. What are the applications of hexagonal head?
12. Differentiate shaper from planner.
13. What are the operations of planner?
14. What are the work holding devices used in shaper?
15. What are the tool holding devices used in shaper?






Viva-voce

FirstRanker.com - FirstRanker's Choice
1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











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1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
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6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















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1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
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6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























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1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














Viva - voce

32 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.07 SQUARE HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make round work piece to square by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm x 25 mm long
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
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9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Shaping operation has been done on four sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned
into square shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to square work piece by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper


1. What is meant by shaper?
2. What are the various types of shaper?
3. What are the specifications of shaper?
4. W hat are the operations of shaper?
5. What is the application of square head?
6. What is meant by indexing?
7. What are the three types dividing heads?
8. What is cam milling?
9. What are the different types of thread milling?
10. What are the other forming methods for manufacturing gears?
11. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
12. What are the various milling operations?
13. What are the advantages of milling process?
14. What are the down milling processes?
15. What is the various type of milling attachment?







Viva - voce

34 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.08 HEXAGONAL HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel rod size of dia. 32 mm and length 50 mm
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
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9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Follow the same procedure to the other side of the work piece.
11. Shaping operation has been done on six sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned into
hexagonal shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to hexagonal shape by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper


1. What is the function of cutting fluids?
2. What are the properties of cutting fluid?
3. What are the causes of wear?
4. What are the specifications of the milling machine?
5. What are the various movements of universal milling machine table?
6. Distinguish between plain and universal milling machine?
7. What are the cutter holding devices?
8. What are the various type of milling attachment?
9. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
10. What are the advantages of milling process?
11. What are the applications of hexagonal head?
12. Differentiate shaper from planner.
13. What are the operations of planner?
14. What are the work holding devices used in shaper?
15. What are the tool holding devices used in shaper?






Viva-voce

36 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No. 9 STUDY OF WELDING
Aim:
To understand the basic concepts of welding by carrying out simple exercises relevant to its principles
Introduction:
Welding is the progress of joining two metal plates using a joining material by heat. It is commonly used to
join metal plates in making boilers, vessels, furnitures, automobile parts, etc.
Safety equipments and tools:
Welding goggles:
Goggles with glasses are used to protect the eyes of the eyes of the welder from the light sparks produced
during welding.
Face shield:
A face shield is also used to protect the eyes of the welder from the light sparks produced during welding.
It is normally held in hand.

Welding goggles Face shield
Hand gloves:
It is used to protect the hands of the welder from the effect of ultra violet rays, infra red rays, heat and
sparks.
Chipping Hammer:
A chipping hammer is used to remove slags which from during welding.

Hand gloves Chipping hammer

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1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
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3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
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PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







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ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

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CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








17 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
18 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















19 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

20 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.03 TAPER TURNING BY TAIL STOCK OFFSET
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. Revolving centre
7. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
8. Catch plate with dog carrier
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm


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Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Held the work piece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three passes can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side. Does the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece also do the facing operation and get the required length.
8. Make a centre drilling operation on both sides by tail stock.
9. Calculate the offset distance and offset the tail stock from the lathe axis.
10. Hold the work piece between lathe centers on both side using catch plate with dog carrier.
11. Do the taper turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage as per the dimension.
12. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method











22 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. Define ? Conicity
2. What are the different operations performed on the lathe?
3. What are the holding devices?
4. What are the various feed mechanisms used for obtaining automatic feed?
5. What is copying lathe?
6. What are the advantage of capston lathe & turret lathe?
7. What is meant by tooling?
8. What are the three stage of a tool-layout?
9. What are the different drives used in copying lathe?
10. What are the two specifications of capstan and turret lathe?
11. What are the methods used for taper turning in lathe?
12. What are various feeds in lathe?
13. Which method is suitable for steep turning?
14. Which method is suitable for taper turning on lengthy workpiece?
15. What is meant by lead screw?














Viva - voce

23 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.04 EXTERNAL THREAD CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing threads cutting operation using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
6. V thread cutting tool
7. Pitch gauge
8. Grooving tool
9. Drill chuck with centre drill bit
Specimen drawing:


All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the work pieces in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
24 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the length.
6. Two or three pass can be given for the turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on the other side and do the turning operation for the
remaining work piece.
8. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
9. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear, and engage it with head stock.
10. Move the carriage towards tail stock and make a mark on the dial.
11. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
head stock and cut the v-thread on the work piece.
12. After reaching the required length of thread, release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the
depth of cut by counting the number of rotation.
13. Move the carriage towards tail stock, give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
14. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v-thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
















25 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What are the components that can be turned on a copying lathe?
2. What is meant by shaper?
3. What are the four important parts of a shaper?
4. How the feed & depth of cut is given to the shaper?
5. What are the four-shaper specifications?
6. How does the planer differ from the shaper?
7. What is the use of planer?
8. What are the various types of planners?
9. Name the various parts of a double housing planer?
10. What are the four specifications of planer?
11. Write down different types of thread.
12. Define ? Pitch
13. What is meant by knurling?
14. Distinguish between square and V type thread
15. Write down the formula used for pitch calculation.














Viva - voce

26 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.05 DRILLING, BORING AND INTERNAL THREAD
CUTTING
Aim:
To produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting using lathe
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm X 45 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper & Steel rule
4. Single point cutting tool & Boring tool
5. Drill chuck with drill bits
6. Internal thread cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on tool post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce the length.
5. Hold the drill bit on the tail stock and unclamp the tail stock, then move it towards the head stock and
ensure the centre coincidence with work piece centre.
27 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

6. Start the motor and give depth of cut to the drill bit by rotating the tail stock wheel and make complete
hole.
7. Clamp the boring tool on the tool post to perform the boring operation.
8. Clamp the internal thread tool on the tool post to perform internal threading operation,
9. Engage the back gear mechanism to reduce the speed of the work piece.
10. Check the pitch required, calculate the tumbler gear and engage it with head stock.
11. Move the carriage towards tailstock and make marking on the dial.
12. Give small depth of cut and engage the half nut so that the carriage will move automatically towards
headstock and cut the v thread on the work piece.
13. Release the tool by rotating cross slide in opposite to the depth of cut by counting number of rotation
after reaching the required length of thread.
14. Move the carriage toward the tail stock and give depth of cut and engage the half nut.
15. Repeat the procedure to produce complete form of v thread. After finishing remove the work piece
from the chuck.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe
Outcome:
Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
















28 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


1. What is meant by drilling?
2. What is meant by gang -drilling machine?
3. What are the specifications of drilling machine?
4. What are the machining operations that can be performed on a drilling machine?
5. What are the different ways to mount the drilling tool?
6. What is meant by broaching?
7. What are the specifications of a broaching machine?
8. What are the advantages and limitation of broaching?
9. What are the different operations that can be performed on a broaching machine?
10. What is meant by boring?
11. Differentiate between drilling and boring
12. What is meant by counter boring?
13. What is meant by counter sinking?
14. Which type of tool used for boring?
15. What is meant by pitch circle diameter?


















Viva - voce

29 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.06 ECCENTRIC TURNING
Aim:
To turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
Material required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 75 mm long
Tools required:
1. Steel rule
2. Dot punch
3. Ball pen hammer
4. Single point cutting tool
5. Surface gauge
6. Drill bit
7. Drill chuck
8. Boring tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the four jaw chuck using surface gauge.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
30 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

6. Then the work piece is fixed in the chuck such that the offset point coincides with spindle axis.
7. Using the turning tool, turning operation has been performed.
8. The same procedure is also carried out to the other side of the work piece for the given offset
distance.
9. Thus the eccentric turning would be finished.
Result:
Thus the work piece is turned eccentrically as per the given dimensions.
Outcome:
Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions

























31 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00



1. What is meant by eccentricity?
2. What is meant by effect of back rake angle? Mention the types.
3. What is meant by side rake angle? Mention its effects.
4. What are all the conditions for using positive rake angle?
5. When will the negative rake angles be used?
6. Define ? Orthogonal cutting
7. What is meant by cutting force?
8. What is meant by chip thickness ratio?
9. What are the purposes of chip breakers?
10. Define ? Machinability of metal
11. Define ? Oblique cutting
12. Differentiate between orthogonal and oblique cutting.
13. Which type of chuck used for eccentric turning?
14. What are the applications of eccentric components?
15. What is meant by tool signature?














Viva - voce

32 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.07 SQUARE HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make round work piece to square by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel ? 50 mm x 25 mm long
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm

Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
33 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Shaping operation has been done on four sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned
into square shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to square work piece by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper


1. What is meant by shaper?
2. What are the various types of shaper?
3. What are the specifications of shaper?
4. W hat are the operations of shaper?
5. What is the application of square head?
6. What is meant by indexing?
7. What are the three types dividing heads?
8. What is cam milling?
9. What are the different types of thread milling?
10. What are the other forming methods for manufacturing gears?
11. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
12. What are the various milling operations?
13. What are the advantages of milling process?
14. What are the down milling processes?
15. What is the various type of milling attachment?







Viva - voce

34 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No.08 HEXAGONAL HEAD SHAPING
Aim:
To make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
Material required:
Mild steel rod size of dia. 32 mm and length 50 mm
Tools required:
Steel rule, dot punch, hammer, verneir height gauge, T-square, scriber, surface plate, single point cutting
tool, tool holder.
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. The work piece is fixed in the three jaw chuck.
3. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool post to the lathe axis.
4. Facing operation has been done on both sides of given work pieces.
5. Chalk is applied uniformly on the face of the work piece.
6. Marking and punching is to be done on the given work pieces as per the dimension.
7. The cutting tool is fixed in the tool holder in shaper machine.
8. The work piece is fixed in the machine vice, then switch on the machine.
35 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

9. At the end of each stroke give the feed to the work piece.
10. Follow the same procedure to the other side of the work piece.
11. Shaping operation has been done on six sides in the work piece till the round work piece is turned into
hexagonal shaped as per the given dimension.
Result:
Thus the round work piece is machined to hexagonal shape by shaper machine.
Outcome:
Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper


1. What is the function of cutting fluids?
2. What are the properties of cutting fluid?
3. What are the causes of wear?
4. What are the specifications of the milling machine?
5. What are the various movements of universal milling machine table?
6. Distinguish between plain and universal milling machine?
7. What are the cutter holding devices?
8. What are the various type of milling attachment?
9. Write any ten nomenclature of plain milling cutter?
10. What are the advantages of milling process?
11. What are the applications of hexagonal head?
12. Differentiate shaper from planner.
13. What are the operations of planner?
14. What are the work holding devices used in shaper?
15. What are the tool holding devices used in shaper?






Viva-voce

36 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Expt. No. 9 STUDY OF WELDING
Aim:
To understand the basic concepts of welding by carrying out simple exercises relevant to its principles
Introduction:
Welding is the progress of joining two metal plates using a joining material by heat. It is commonly used to
join metal plates in making boilers, vessels, furnitures, automobile parts, etc.
Safety equipments and tools:
Welding goggles:
Goggles with glasses are used to protect the eyes of the eyes of the welder from the light sparks produced
during welding.
Face shield:
A face shield is also used to protect the eyes of the welder from the light sparks produced during welding.
It is normally held in hand.

Welding goggles Face shield
Hand gloves:
It is used to protect the hands of the welder from the effect of ultra violet rays, infra red rays, heat and
sparks.
Chipping Hammer:
A chipping hammer is used to remove slags which from during welding.

Hand gloves Chipping hammer

37 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

Ground Clamp:
It is connected to the end of the ground cable. It is normally clamped to the welding table or the
job itself to complete the electric circuit.
Wire brush:
The wire brush is used to clean the surface to be welded.

Ground clamp Wire brush
Types of Welding:
The two types of welding most prevalently in use are
1. Arc welding
2. Gas Arc welding
1. Arc welding:
Electric arc welding is widely used to join metal plates using a filler rod. The filler rod (welding rod)
melts on the electric arc produced and welds the metal plates.

Arc welding
2. Gas welding
Gas welding is a process in which the required heat to melt the surfaces is supplied by a high temerature
flame obtained by a mixture of two gases. Usually the mixture of oxygen and acetylene is used for welding
purpose. The filler rod and parent metal plates are melted by the heat of the flame produced using oxygen and
acetylene gas mixture. Gas welding is also widely used to join metal plates.




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1 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


Tambaram, ?



DEPARTMENT OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
ME8361 ? MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
III SEMESTER - R 2013






Name : _______________________________________
Register No. : _______________________________________
Section : _______________________________________

LABORATORY MANUAL
2 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00


3 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00




College of Engineering is committed to provide highly disciplined, conscientious and
enterprising professionals conforming to global standards through value based quality education and training.


? To provide competent technical manpower capable of meeting requirements of the industry
? To contribute to the promotion of Academic Excellence in pursuit of Technical Education at different
levels
? To train the students to sell his brawn and brain to the highest bidder but to never put a price tag on heart
and soul

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING



Rendering the services to the global needs of engineering industries by educating students to become
professionally sound mechanical engineers of excellent caliber.



To produce mechanical engineering technocrats with a perfect knowledge intellectual and hands on
experience and to inculcate the spirit of moral values and ethics to serve the society



VISION

VISION

MISSION
MISSION
4 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES (PEOs)
1. Fundamentals
To impart students with fundamental knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences that will mould
them to be successful professionals
2. Core competence
To provide students with sound knowledge in engineering and experimental skills to identify complex
software problems in industry and to develop a practical solution for them
3. Breadth
To provide relevant training and experience to bridge the gap between theory and practice which
enable them to find solutions for the real time problems in industry and organization and to design
products requiring interdisciplinary skills
4. Professional skills
To bestow students with adequate training and provide opportunities to work as team that will build up
their communication skills, individual, leadership and supportive qualities and to enable them to adapt
and to work in ever changing technologies
5. Life-long learning
To develop the ability of students to establish themselves as professionals in mechanical engineering
and to create awareness about the need for lifelong learning and pursuing advanced degrees






5 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (POs)
On completion of the B.E. (Mechanical) degree, the graduate will be able
a) To apply the basic knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering
b) To design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data and apply the same in
the career or entrepreneurship
c) To design and develop innovative and creative software applications
d) To understand a complex real world problem and develop an efficient practical solution
e) To create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, modern engineering and IT tools
f) To understand the role as a professional and give the best to the society
g) To develop a system that will meet expected needs within realistic constraints such as economical
environmental, social, political, ethical, safety and sustainability
h) To communicate effectively and make others understand exactly what they are trying to tell in both
verbal and written forms
i) To work in a team as a team member or a leader and make unique contributions and work with
coordination
j) To engage in lifelong learning and exhibit their technical skills
k) To develop and manage projects in multidisciplinary environments







6 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

ME8361 - MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY
SYLLABUS

To study and practice the various operations that can be performed in lathe, shaper, drilling, milling machines,
etc. and to equip with the practical knowledge required in the core industries.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Machining and machining time estimations for:
1. Taper turning
2. External thread cutting
3. Internal thread cutting
4. Eccentric turning
5. Knurling
6. Square head shaping
7. Hexagonal head shaping


1. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
2. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method
3. Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by tail stock offset method
4. Able to produce the component by performing external thread cutting operation using lathe
5. Able to produce the component by performing drilling, boring and thread cutting operation using lathe
6. Able to turn a given work piece eccentrically in a lathe machine as per the given dimensions
7. Able to make round work piece to square shape by using shaper
8. Able to make a round work piece to hexagonal shape by using shaper
9. Able to produce the component by performing knurling and grooving operation using lathe
10. Able to machine the work piece to the given dimensions using capstan lathe




COURSE OBJECTIVES

COURSE OUTCOMES

7 Format No.: FirstRanker/ Stud/LM/34/Issue: 00/Revision: 00

CONTENTS
Ex. No. Name of the Experiment Page No.
EXPERIMENTS
1 Study of lathe 7
2 Taper turning using compound rest method 17
3 Taper turning by tail stock offset method 20
4 External thread cutting 23
5 Drilling, boring and internal thread Cutting 26
6 Eccentric turning 29
7 Square head shaping 32
8 Hexagonal head shaping 34
9 Study of welding 36
10 Single V butt joint 38
11 Double V butt joint 40
12 Lap joint 42
13 Tee fillet joint 44
14 Gas welding practice 46
15 Study of Foundry 48
16 Gear pattern 53
17 Stepped cone pulley 55
18 Study of sheet metal work 58
19 Rectangular tray 67
20 Cylinder 69
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21 Funnel 71
ADDITIONAL EXPERIMENTS BEYOND THE SYLLABUS
22 Knurling and grooving 74
23 Capstan lathe 76
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Expt. No.01 STUDY OF LATHE
Aim:
To understand the working principle and operations done in lathe machine to identify the
various components of lathe machine and its function
Machining processes:
Machining is one of the processes of manufacturing in which the specified shape to the work piece
is imparted by removing surplus material. Conventionally this surplus material from the work piece is
removed in the form of chips by interacting the work piece with an appropriate tool. This mechanical
generation of chips can be carried out by single point or multi point tools or by abrasive operations these
are summarized below
Machining Processes
Single point tool operations

Multi-point tool operations

Abrasive operations


1. Grinding
1. Boring 1. Drilling 1. Lapping
2. Shaping 2. Tapping 2. Honing
3. Planning 3. Reaming 3. Super-finishing
4. Turning 4. Hobbing 4.Grinding
5. Broaching
6. Sawing
7. Milling

Multi-point tool operations:
The process of chip formation in metal cutting is affected by relative motion between the tool and the work
piece achieved with the aid of a device called machine tool. This relative motion can be obtained by a
combination of rotary and translator movements of either the tool or the work piece or both. The kind of
surface that is produced by the operation depends on the shape of the tool and the path it traverses through
the materials.
When the workpiece is rotated about an axis and the tool is traversed in a definite path relative to the axis, a
surface of revolution is generated. When the tool path is parallel to the axis, the surface generated is a
cylinder as in straight turning or boring operations. Similarly, planes may be generated by a series of straight
cuts without rotating the workpiece as in shaping and planning operations (Fig.3).
In shaping the tool is reciprocating and the work piece is moved crosswise at the end of each stroke.
Planning is done by reciprocating the work piece and crosswise movement is provided to the tool.
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Surface may be machined by the tools having a number of cutting edges that can cut successively through
the work piece materials. In plane milling, the cutter revolves and moves over the work piece as shown Fig.
4. The axis of the cutter is parallel to the surface generated.
Similarly in drilling, the drill may turn and be fed into the work piece or the work piece may revolve while the
drill is fed into it (Fig.5).
The machine tools, in general, provide two kinds of relative motions. The primary motion is responsible for the
cutting action and absorbs most of the power required to perform the machining action.
The secondary motion of the feed motion may proceed in steps or continuously and absorbs o1nly a
fraction of the total power required for machining. When the secondary motion is added to the primary
motion, machine surfaces of desired geometric characteristics are produced.
Lathe:
Lathe is the machine tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Lathe is
useful in making several parts which is further assembled to make new machine. Hence lathe is known as
?mother of machines?.



Basic working principle of lathe:
In lathe, the work piece is held in the chuck, a work holding device. The cutting tool is mounted in the
tool post. The chuck is rotated by means of power. When the chuck rotates, the work piece also rotates.
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The tool is moved against the rotating work piece by giving small amount of depth of cut. The material is
removed in the form of chips. Continuous feed and depth of cut is given until the required dimensions are
obtained in the work piece.
Types of lathe machines:
There are different types of lathe machines, they are
1. Centre lathe
2. Tool room lathe
3. Bench lathe
4. Capstan lathe
5. Turret lathe
6. Automatic lathe
Description of lathe:
Lathe is a machine which has several parts in it. They are
Bed:
It is the base of the machine. On its left side, the head stock is mounted and on its right it has movable
casting known as tailstock. Its legs have holes to bolt down on the ground.
Head stock:
It consists of spindles, gears and speed changing levers. It is used to transmit the motion to the
job. It has two types; one is the headstock driven by belt and the other one is the gear driven.
Carriage:
Carriage is used to carry a tool to bring in contact with the rotating work piece or to with draw from such
a contact. It operates on bed ways between the headstock and tail stock.
Saddle:
It is an ?H? shaped part fitted on the lathe bed. There is a hand wheel to move it on the bed way. Cross
slide, compound rest, tool post is fitted on this saddle.
Cross slide:
It is on the upper slide of saddle in the form of dove tail. A hand wheel is provided to drive the cross
slide. It permits the cross wise movement of the tool (i.e.) movement of tool towards or away from the
operator.

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Compound rest:
It is fitted over the cross slide on a turn table. It permits both parallel and angular movements to
cutting tool.

Tool post:
It is fitted on the top most part of the compound rest. Tool is mounted on this tool post. Cutting tool is
fixed in it with the help of screws.
Apron:
It is the hanging part in front of the carriage. It accommodates the mechanism of hand and power feed
to the cutting tool for carrying out different operations.


Lead screw:
It is a long screw with ACME threads. It is used for transmitting power for automatic feed or feed for
thread cutting operation.

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Tail stock:
It is located at the right end of the lathe bed and it can be positioned anywhere in the bed. It is used for
supporting lengthy jobs and also carries tool to carry out operations such as tapping, drilling and reaming.


Work holding devices:
Lathe centers:
They are used to support work. It has two categories of centers. Live center is one which is fitted in
the headstock spindle. Dead is another one which is fitted in the tail stock.
Chuck:
It is a device used to hold a job. It is easily fitted on the thread cut on the end of head stock
spindle. Various types of chuck are Two jaw chuck, three jaw chuck, four jaw chuck collect chuck and
magnetic chuck.



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Face plate:

Lathe carriers or dogs:


Steady rest:
Clamped to the lathe ways, it uses adjustable fingers to contact the work piece and align It Can be used in
place of tailstock or in the middle to support long or unstable parts being machined.
Mandrel:
Mandrel used to hold hollow jobs.
Follower rest:
Bolted to the lathe carriage, it uses adjustable fingers to bear against the work piece opposite the cutting tool
to prevent deflection.

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Cutting tools used:
For making a finished job on lathe machine, various types of cutting tools are used. One of them is single
point cutting tool which is used to perform several operations on the work piece. Various types of cutting
tools are furnished below.
Facing Tool:
It is used for facing the longitudinal ends of the job. Its shape is like a knife.
Rough Turning Tool:
It is used to remove excess material from the work piece in quick time. It can be used to give large depth of
cut and work at coarse feed.
Finishing Tool:
It is used for getting smooth finish on the work piece. Its point is a little more round.
Radius Tool:
Jobs which need round cutting are done with this tool. Its types are Convex radius tool and concave radius
tool.
Parting Tools:
It is used to cut the jobs into two parts. It is also used for grooving.
Form Turning Tool:
It is used for jobs which require both convex and concave turning.

Thread Cutting Tool:
It is used for making internal or external threads on the work piece. The tool nose is designed with a
definite profile for taking threads.
Drill Tool:
It is used for making holes of various diameters on the job. Drill bit of various sizes of diameter are
available.
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Boring Tool:
It used for enlarging the drill hole.
Tool materials:
The single point cutting tools are made of high speed steel(H.S.S). The main alloying elements in 18-4-1 HSS
tools are 18% tungsten, 4% chromium and 1% vanadium. 5 to 10% cobalt is also added to improve the heat
resisting properties of the tool. General purpose hand cutting tools are usually made from carbon steel or tool
steel. Carbide tipped tools fixed in tool holders, are mostly used in production shops.
Cutting tool angles:
Top rake angle (back rake angle):
If the slope is given to the face or surface of the tool and if this slope is along the tools length then it is called
top rake angle. It is usually from 15
o
to 20
o
.
Side rake angle:
If the slope is given to the face or top of the tool along the tools width then it is called side rake angle.
It lies between 6
o
and 15
o
.
Clearance angle (relief angle):
Types: 1. Side clearance angle 2. End clearance angle.
They are provided to keep surface of the tool clear of the work piece.

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Cutting edge angle:
Types: 1. Side cutting edge angle ? (generally 15
o
) it is an angle, the side cutting edge makes with the axis
of the tool 2. End cutting edge angle ? (from 7
o
to 15
o
) it is an angle made by the end cutting edge with
the width of the tool.
Lip angle (cutting angle):
It is the angle between the face and the end surface of the tool.
Nose angle:
It is the angle between the side cutting edge and end cutting edge.
Lathe operations:
Facing:
It is done for getting fine finish (good surface finish) on the face of the job. Facing tool is set at an angle to the
work piece. The tool is fed from the centre of work piece towards the outer surface against the rotating
work piece. Depth of cut is low for the facing operation.

Plain Turning:
It is done for reducing the diameter of the work piece. A cutting tool with 70
o
setting angle is used for roughing
operation. More feed is given for rough turning while less feed is given for finishing. Work piece is held in chuck
and tool is set to center height of the work piece.
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Step Turning:
It is similar to the process of turning but in this case different diameter in step of various sizes is taken on
the work piece.
Taper Turning:
It is different from the turning operation. Taper is defined as uniform change in the diameter of a work
piece measured along its length.
Where
D ? large diameter
d ? small diameter
l ? length of taper


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Knurling:
It is process of making serrations on the work piece. Knurling tools of different shape and size are used to
make grip on the work piece. It has two hardened steel rollers. The tool is held in tool post and pressed
against the rotating work piece. Work piece is rotated at lower speed and small amount of feed is given.
Drilling:
It is a process of making a hole on the work piece Job is held in chuck while the drill is held in the tail stock
sleeve. Feed is given by rotating the hand wheel in the tail stock which pushes the tailstock sleeve.
Cutting Speed:
It is the peripheral speed of the work past the cutting tool. It is the speed at which metal is removed by the tool
from the work piece. It is expressed in meter / minute. Cutting speed= (? x diameter x R.P.M)/1000 = ?
DN/1000 in m/min
D ? Diameter in mm
N ? Spindle speed in rpm
Feed:
It is defined as the rate of tool travel across a surface cutting it. It is the distance of the tool advances for each
revolution of the work piece. It is expressed in mm/revolution.
Depth of Cut:
It is the perpendicular distance measured from the machined surface to the uncut surface of work. It is
expressed in mm.
Depth of cut= (d
1
- d
2
)/2
d1 - diameter of work before machining
d2 - diameter of work after machining








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Expt. No.02 TAPER TURNING USING COMPOUND REST
METHOD
Aim:
To produce the component by performing taper turning using lathe
Materials required:
Mild steel ? 32 mm X 100 mm long
Tools required:
1. Chuck key
2. Tool post spanner
3. Verneir caliper
4. Steel rule
5. Single point cutting tool
Specimen drawing:

All dimensions are in mm
Procedure:
1. Check the size of raw material given and ensure the size.
2. Hold the workpiece in the chuck and tight it properly.
3. Clamp the tool on post properly and check the centre of work piece with cutting tool tip.
4. Do the facing operation by giving cross feed to the cross slide and reduce length.
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5. Do the turning operation by giving longitudinal feed to the carriage and reduce the diameter of the
work piece.
6. Two or three pass can be given for turning operation.
7. Remove the work piece and hold in chuck on other side and do the turning operation for the remaining
portion of the work piece.
8. Calculate the taper angle and swivel the compound rest and clamp it properly.
9. Do the taper turning operation by giving angular feed to the compound rest as per the dimension.
10. Do the facing operation and get the required length.
11. Remove the component carefully and check the dimension.
Result:
Thus the component is produced as per the given drawing using lathe.
Outcome:
Able to produce a component by performing taper turning operation by compound rest method





















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1. What is meant by lathe?
2. What are the various operations can be performed on a lathe?
3. What are principle parts of the lathe?
4. What are the types of headstock?
5. What are the various parts mounted on the carriage?
6. What are the four types of tool post?
7. What is meant by an apron?
8. What are the two specification of lathe?
9. What are the types of lathe?
10. What is meant by semi-automatic lathe?
11. What is meant by capstan lathe?
12. Write down the formula used for taper turning by compound rest method.
13. What is the purpose of compound rest?
14. How to give angular feed in lathe
15. What is the purpose of three jaw chuck?













Viva - voce

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Expt. No.03