Download Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) BE ( Bachelor of Engineering) ME (Mechanical Engineering) 2015 Scheme 2020 January Previous Question Paper 5th Sem Design of Machine Elements I
USN
Fifth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, Dee:2419/SAi1
20
Design of Machine Elements ? I
Time: 3 hrs.
Max. Marks: 80
Note: 1. Answer FIVE full questions, choosing ONE full question from each module.
2. Use of design data handbook is permitted.
3. Missing data if any may be assumed.
Module1
= 1 a. What is mechanical engineering design? List the steps involved in design with a block
diagram.
(04 Marks)
b.
A 50 mm diameter steel rod supports a load of 9 kN and in addition is subjected to a
torsional moment of 100 Nin as shown in Fig. Q1 (b). Determine the maximum tensile and
the maximum shear stress. (08 Marks)
0.0
050.
00
0 71

P
1.5
0
tu
et)
'1.7.
0
O.) 6
4
?
C
0
?
c/)
0
c.)
?
c
?
c
tt,
9000N
Fig. Q1 (b)
c.
Explain the reasons for stress concentration in machine members and two methods adopted
to reduce the same. (04 Marks)
OR
2 a. A machine element in the form of a Cantilever beam has a rectangular cross section of depth
200 mm. The beam is subjected to an axial tensile load of 60 KN and a transverse load of
50 KN acting downwards at the free end of the beam which has a span of 800 mm.
Determine the width of rectangular cross section if the material of the beam is steel with an
allowable tensile stress of 90 N/mm
2
. (90 MPa) (08 Marks)
b.
Determine the safe load that can be carried by a bar of rectangular cross section shown in
Fig. Q2 (b) limiting the maximum normal stress to 130 MPa taking stress concentration into
account. (08 Marks)
?14101.?
rove
Fig. Q2 (b)
Module2
3 a. Derive an expression for impact stress in an axial bar of cross section 'A' and length '1' due
to an impact load 'W' falling from a height 'h' on the bar. (06 Marks)
b. A Cantilever beam of rectangular cross section has a span of 800 mm. The rectangular cross
section of the beam has a depth of 200 mm. The free end of the beam is subjected to a
transverse load that fluctuates between 8 KN down to 5 KN up. The material for the beam is
steel with an yield stress of 294 MPa, endurance strength of 275 MPa and factor of safety is
2.50. Determine the width of rectangular cross section taking surface finish factor as 0.95,
size factor on 0.90 and stress concentration factor as 1.65. (10 Marks)
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USN
Fifth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, Dee:2419/SAi1
20
Design of Machine Elements ? I
Time: 3 hrs.
Max. Marks: 80
Note: 1. Answer FIVE full questions, choosing ONE full question from each module.
2. Use of design data handbook is permitted.
3. Missing data if any may be assumed.
Module1
= 1 a. What is mechanical engineering design? List the steps involved in design with a block
diagram.
(04 Marks)
b.
A 50 mm diameter steel rod supports a load of 9 kN and in addition is subjected to a
torsional moment of 100 Nin as shown in Fig. Q1 (b). Determine the maximum tensile and
the maximum shear stress. (08 Marks)
0.0
050.
00
0 71

P
1.5
0
tu
et)
'1.7.
0
O.) 6
4
?
C
0
?
c/)
0
c.)
?
c
?
c
tt,
9000N
Fig. Q1 (b)
c.
Explain the reasons for stress concentration in machine members and two methods adopted
to reduce the same. (04 Marks)
OR
2 a. A machine element in the form of a Cantilever beam has a rectangular cross section of depth
200 mm. The beam is subjected to an axial tensile load of 60 KN and a transverse load of
50 KN acting downwards at the free end of the beam which has a span of 800 mm.
Determine the width of rectangular cross section if the material of the beam is steel with an
allowable tensile stress of 90 N/mm
2
. (90 MPa) (08 Marks)
b.
Determine the safe load that can be carried by a bar of rectangular cross section shown in
Fig. Q2 (b) limiting the maximum normal stress to 130 MPa taking stress concentration into
account. (08 Marks)
?14101.?
rove
Fig. Q2 (b)
Module2
3 a. Derive an expression for impact stress in an axial bar of cross section 'A' and length '1' due
to an impact load 'W' falling from a height 'h' on the bar. (06 Marks)
b. A Cantilever beam of rectangular cross section has a span of 800 mm. The rectangular cross
section of the beam has a depth of 200 mm. The free end of the beam is subjected to a
transverse load that fluctuates between 8 KN down to 5 KN up. The material for the beam is
steel with an yield stress of 294 MPa, endurance strength of 275 MPa and factor of safety is
2.50. Determine the width of rectangular cross section taking surface finish factor as 0.95,
size factor on 0.90 and stress concentration factor as 1.65. (10 Marks)
15MEts
OR
4 a. Derive the Soderberg's equation for designing the members subjected to fatigue loading.
(06 Marks)
b.
A simply supported beam of span 1000 mm is subjected to a central load of 20 KN that falls
from a height of 20 mm. The beam has a rectangular cross section of width 60 mm and
depth 200 mm. The material of the beam has a modulus of elasticity of 207 GPa. Determine
(i) Impact factor (ii) Instantaneous deflection (iii) Impact load. (10 Marks)
Module3
5 a. Design a socket and spigot type cotter joint to sustain an axial load of 100 KN. The material
selected for the joint has the following design stresses a, = 80 NiMM
2
, T = 60 Nimm
2
,
cr, =150 Nimm
2
. (08 Marks)
b. A cast iron flange coupling is used to connect two shafts of 80 mm diameter. The shaft runs
at 250 rpm and transmits a torque of 4300 Nm. The permissible shear stress for bolt
material is 50 MPa and permissible shear stress for flange is 8 MPa. Design bolts and the
coupling. (08 Marks)
OR
6 A shaft mounted between bearings 1.2 m apart receives a power of 20 kW at 1000 rpm
through a pulley 600 mm diameter located 400 mm from the left bearing from anothe
pulley directly below it. The power is delivered through a gear of 200 mm diameter located
?
700 mm from the left bearing to another gear in front of it. The shaft rotates
counterclockwise when viewed through the left bearing. The belt has a ratio of tensions of
2.5 and the gear is of 20? pressure angle. Determine the shaft diameter assuming the shaft to
be made of steel with an yield shear stress of 180 MPa and factor of safety as 3. Take
Kb =
1.5, K
t
= 1.0 . (16 Marks)
Module4
7 a. Design a double riveted butt joint with equal width cover plates to join two plates of
thickness 10 mm. The allowable stress for plate and rivets are a, = 80 MPa, T = 60 MPa and
= 120MPa . (08 Marks)
b.
Determine the size of weld required for an eccentrically loaded weld as shown in
Fig. Q7 (b). The allowable stress in the weld is 75 MPa. (08 Marks)
tO0n7n
,
, 1
25
"
Fig. Q7 (b)
OR
8 a. Two lengths of a flat tie bar of 18 mm thick are connected by a butt joint with equal cover
plates on either side. If a load of 400 KN is acting on the bar, design the joint such that the
section of the bar is not weakened by more than one rivet hole. The working stresses for the
material of the bar is 100 MPa in tension, for the material of the rivet 70 MPa in shear and
160 MPa in crushing. (10 Marks)
b. A plate of 80 mm wide and 15 mm thick is to be joined with another plate by a single
transverse weld and a double parallel weld. Determine length of parallel weld if joint is
subjected to static loading. Take cy, = 90 MPa, T = 55 MPa an allowable stresses and stress
concentration factor as 1.5 for transverse weld and 2.7 for parallel weld.. Marks)
2 of 3 <://
j,
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ss.
USN
Fifth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, Dee:2419/SAi1
20
Design of Machine Elements ? I
Time: 3 hrs.
Max. Marks: 80
Note: 1. Answer FIVE full questions, choosing ONE full question from each module.
2. Use of design data handbook is permitted.
3. Missing data if any may be assumed.
Module1
= 1 a. What is mechanical engineering design? List the steps involved in design with a block
diagram.
(04 Marks)
b.
A 50 mm diameter steel rod supports a load of 9 kN and in addition is subjected to a
torsional moment of 100 Nin as shown in Fig. Q1 (b). Determine the maximum tensile and
the maximum shear stress. (08 Marks)
0.0
050.
00
0 71

P
1.5
0
tu
et)
'1.7.
0
O.) 6
4
?
C
0
?
c/)
0
c.)
?
c
?
c
tt,
9000N
Fig. Q1 (b)
c.
Explain the reasons for stress concentration in machine members and two methods adopted
to reduce the same. (04 Marks)
OR
2 a. A machine element in the form of a Cantilever beam has a rectangular cross section of depth
200 mm. The beam is subjected to an axial tensile load of 60 KN and a transverse load of
50 KN acting downwards at the free end of the beam which has a span of 800 mm.
Determine the width of rectangular cross section if the material of the beam is steel with an
allowable tensile stress of 90 N/mm
2
. (90 MPa) (08 Marks)
b.
Determine the safe load that can be carried by a bar of rectangular cross section shown in
Fig. Q2 (b) limiting the maximum normal stress to 130 MPa taking stress concentration into
account. (08 Marks)
?14101.?
rove
Fig. Q2 (b)
Module2
3 a. Derive an expression for impact stress in an axial bar of cross section 'A' and length '1' due
to an impact load 'W' falling from a height 'h' on the bar. (06 Marks)
b. A Cantilever beam of rectangular cross section has a span of 800 mm. The rectangular cross
section of the beam has a depth of 200 mm. The free end of the beam is subjected to a
transverse load that fluctuates between 8 KN down to 5 KN up. The material for the beam is
steel with an yield stress of 294 MPa, endurance strength of 275 MPa and factor of safety is
2.50. Determine the width of rectangular cross section taking surface finish factor as 0.95,
size factor on 0.90 and stress concentration factor as 1.65. (10 Marks)
15MEts
OR
4 a. Derive the Soderberg's equation for designing the members subjected to fatigue loading.
(06 Marks)
b.
A simply supported beam of span 1000 mm is subjected to a central load of 20 KN that falls
from a height of 20 mm. The beam has a rectangular cross section of width 60 mm and
depth 200 mm. The material of the beam has a modulus of elasticity of 207 GPa. Determine
(i) Impact factor (ii) Instantaneous deflection (iii) Impact load. (10 Marks)
Module3
5 a. Design a socket and spigot type cotter joint to sustain an axial load of 100 KN. The material
selected for the joint has the following design stresses a, = 80 NiMM
2
, T = 60 Nimm
2
,
cr, =150 Nimm
2
. (08 Marks)
b. A cast iron flange coupling is used to connect two shafts of 80 mm diameter. The shaft runs
at 250 rpm and transmits a torque of 4300 Nm. The permissible shear stress for bolt
material is 50 MPa and permissible shear stress for flange is 8 MPa. Design bolts and the
coupling. (08 Marks)
OR
6 A shaft mounted between bearings 1.2 m apart receives a power of 20 kW at 1000 rpm
through a pulley 600 mm diameter located 400 mm from the left bearing from anothe
pulley directly below it. The power is delivered through a gear of 200 mm diameter located
?
700 mm from the left bearing to another gear in front of it. The shaft rotates
counterclockwise when viewed through the left bearing. The belt has a ratio of tensions of
2.5 and the gear is of 20? pressure angle. Determine the shaft diameter assuming the shaft to
be made of steel with an yield shear stress of 180 MPa and factor of safety as 3. Take
Kb =
1.5, K
t
= 1.0 . (16 Marks)
Module4
7 a. Design a double riveted butt joint with equal width cover plates to join two plates of
thickness 10 mm. The allowable stress for plate and rivets are a, = 80 MPa, T = 60 MPa and
= 120MPa . (08 Marks)
b.
Determine the size of weld required for an eccentrically loaded weld as shown in
Fig. Q7 (b). The allowable stress in the weld is 75 MPa. (08 Marks)
tO0n7n
,
, 1
25
"
Fig. Q7 (b)
OR
8 a. Two lengths of a flat tie bar of 18 mm thick are connected by a butt joint with equal cover
plates on either side. If a load of 400 KN is acting on the bar, design the joint such that the
section of the bar is not weakened by more than one rivet hole. The working stresses for the
material of the bar is 100 MPa in tension, for the material of the rivet 70 MPa in shear and
160 MPa in crushing. (10 Marks)
b. A plate of 80 mm wide and 15 mm thick is to be joined with another plate by a single
transverse weld and a double parallel weld. Determine length of parallel weld if joint is
subjected to static loading. Take cy, = 90 MPa, T = 55 MPa an allowable stresses and stress
concentration factor as 1.5 for transverse weld and 2.7 for parallel weld.. Marks)
2 of 3 <://
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15ME54
Module5
9 a. A cylinder head of a steam engine is subjected to a steam pressure of 0.8 MPa. It is held in
position by means of 12 bolts. A soft copper gasket is used to make the joint leak proof. The
bore diameter of the cylinder is 250 mm. Find the size of bolts so that the stress in bolts is
not to exceed 110 MPa. (08 Marks)
b.
The lead screw of a lathe has single start ISO trapezoidal threads of 30 mm outside diameter
and 6 mm pitch. It drives a tool carriage and exerts an axial load of 1.5 KN on a thrust
collar of 30 mm inside diameter and 50 mm outside diameter. If the lead screw rotates at 40
rpm, find the power required to drive the screw. Take coefficient of friction for power screw
as 0.14 and for collar as 0.09. (08 Marks)
OR
10 a. Explain the stresses induced in a screw fastening subjected to static and impact loading.
(06 Marks)
b.
A power screw for a Jack has square threads of proportion 50 x 42 x8 . The coefficient of
friction at the threads is 0.1 and at the collar is 0.12. Determine the weight that can be lifted
by this jack through a human effort of 400 N, through a hand lever of span 400 mm.
(10 Marks)
3 of 3
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This post was last modified on 02 March 2020