# Download GTU B.Tech 2020 Summer 5th Sem 2151903 Fluid Power Engineering Question Paper

Download GTU (Gujarat Technological University Ahmedabad) B.Tech/BE (Bachelor of Technology/ Bachelor of Engineering) 2020 Summer 5th Sem 2151903 Fluid Power Engineering Previous Question Paper

Seat No.: ________
Enrolment No.___________

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
BE - SEMESTER? V EXAMINATION ? SUMMER 2020
Subject Code: 2151903 Date:28/10/2020
Subject Name: FLUID POWER ENGINEERING
Time: 02:30 PM TO 05:00 PM Total Marks: 70
Instructions:
1. Attempt all questions.

2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.

3. Figures to the right indicate full marks.

MARKS
Q.1 (a) Classify hydro- electric power plant.
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(b) A Pelton wheel develops 2500 K W under the head of 250 the
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overall efficiency of the turbine is 85% if speed ratio is 0.46
Cv =2.98 and specific speed is 18.5 then calculate 1) Diameter
of turbine, 2) Diameter of the jet.

(c) A Pelton wheel is to be designed for the following
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specification power 750 KW, head 200 m, speed 800 rpm,
overall efficiency 86%, jet ratio is one tenth of wheel diameter
take efficient of velocity 0.98, speed ratio 0.45. Calculate
1) wheel diameter, 2) diameter of jet 3) width of the bucket
4) depth of buckets 5) number of buckets 6) Number of jets

Q.2 (a) With usual notations derive generalized expression for work
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done for impact of jet on a moving inclined plate.

(b) A jet propelled boat moving with velocity of 5 m/s draws
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water amid-ship. The total area of Jet is 375 cm2, if the total
resistance affected to the motion of boat is 5,000 N.
Determine volume of water drawn by the pump per second
and efficiency of the jet propulsion.

(c) A conical draft tube having 2 m diameter at the top and
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pressure head as 7 m of water (vacuum) discharges water at
the outlet with a velocity of 1.2 m/s at the rate of 30 m3/s. If
the atmospheric pressure head is 10.3 m of water and losses
between inlet and outlet of draft tube are negligible. Calculate
length
of draft tube immersed in water. Total length of draft
tube is 5 m.

OR

(c) A single acting two stage compressor with complete
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intercooling deliver 10.5 kg/ min of 16 bar, the suction occurs
at 1 bar and 27 ?C. The compression and expansion process
are reversible, polytropic index n= 1.3 calculate 1) Power
required to drive the compressor 2)The isothermal efficiency
3) Free air delivery 4) the heat transfer in intercooler .The
compressor runs at 440 RPM. If the clearance ratio of low
pressure and high pressure cylinder are 0.04 and
0.06 respectively calculate the swept and clearance volume
for each cylinder.
Q.3 (a) List application of following: Screw compressor, Scroll
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Compressor, Reciprocating compressors
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(b) Draw and explain main characteristic curves of Francis
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turbine.

(c) Justify the need of multi-staging, with schematic p-v and
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T-S diagram explain two stage compression.

OR

Q.3 (a) Define the following: Free air delivery, compressor capacity,
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piston speed.

(b) What is specific speed? Derive an expression for specific
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speed of a turbine.

(c) Explain construction working of scroll compressor. State its
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Q.4 (a) Explain the phenomena of surging and stalling in an axial
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flow compressor.

(b) What are air vessels? What shortcomings of the pump are
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made up by providing air vessel?

(c) The impeller of a centrifugal pump has blades which are
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swept backwards and make an acute angle with the tangent
to the outer periphery. The pump has no diffuser, the velocity
of flow is constant and absolute velocity of water at inlet is
radial assuming flow through the impeller is frictionless and
streamlines ,develop from first principle that theoretical the
ratio rise in pressure head in in m = 1[1+Vf1cot ]
work done/ sec /kg flow in impeller 2 v1

OR

Q.4 (a) Compare centrifugal and reciprocating pumps.
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(b) Justify the circumstances under which separation can occur in
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a reciprocating pump.

(c) In a eight stage axial flow compressor the overall stagnation
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pressure ratio is 5:1 with an overall isentropic efficiency of
90%. The inlet stagnation temperature and pressure are 292
K and 1 bar. The work is divided equally between the stages.
The mean blade speed is 165 m/s and 50 % reaction is used.
The axial velocity through the compressor is constant and is
equal to 95m/s, calculate 1) Blade angles, 2) power required.
Q.5 (a) With neat sketch explain construction and working of
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hydraulic ram.

(b) State functions of draft tube and explain with neat sketches
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different types of draft tubes.

(c) A centrifugal compressor running at 10000 RPM deliver 07
660 m
3/min of free air. The air is compressed from 1 bar and
20 ?C to a pressure ratio of 4 with an isentropic efficiency of
82%. Blades are radial at outlet of impeller and flow velocity
is 62 m/s may be assumed constant throughout. The outer
radius of impeller is twice the inner and slip factor may be
assumed as 0.9. The blade area coefficient is 0.98
inlet. Calculate 1)Final temperature of air 2)Theoretical
power 3) Impeller diameter at inlet and outlet 4) Breadth of
impeller at inlet 5) Impeller blade angle at inlet 6) Diffuser
blade angle at inlet

OR
Q.5 (a) Define the following terms relating to centrifugal
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compressor: stagnation temperature, Isentropic efficiency,
pre-whirl.
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(b) A hydraulic lift is required to lift a load of 10 K N through a
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height of 12 m once in every 80 sec. The speed of the lift is
0.5 m/ s determine 1) Power required to drive the lift
2) Working period of lift in sec 3) Idle period of lift in sec.
(c) Investigate the effect of blade shapes of impellers on
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performance of centrifugal compressor, also classify the
blades based on curvature.

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This post was last modified on 04 March 2021