Download GTU (Gujarat Technological University Ahmedabad) B.Tech/BE (Bachelor of Technology/ Bachelor of Engineering) 2020 Summer 5th Sem 2151909 Heat Transfer Previous Question Paper
Enrolment No.___________
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
BE  SEMESTER? V EXAMINATION ? SUMMER 2020
Subject Code: 2151909 Date:04/11/2020
Subject Name: HEAT TRANSFER
Time: 02:30 PM TO 05:00 PM Total Marks: 70
Instructions:
1. Attempt all questions.
2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.
3. Figures to the right indicate full marks.
Q.1 (a) Why does metal feel colder than wood, even if both are at the room temperature?
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(b) An exterior wall of a house may be approximated by a 10.16 cm layer of common brick 4
(k=0.7 W/m?C) followed by a 3.8 cm layer of gypsum plaster (k=0.48 W/m?C). What
thickness of loosely packed rockwool insulation (k=0.065 W/m?C) should be added to
reduce the heat loss (or gain) through the wall by 80%?
(c) What are the advantages of dimensional analysis? Show by dimensional analysis for 7
forced convection, Nu = f (Re, Pr)
Q.2 (a) Define black body. What is the difference between surface if coated 3
with lampblack and ice (snow) in terms of black body?
(b) Define the terms: (a) Emissivity (b) Total emissive power (c) Monochromatic emissive 4
power (d) Intensity of radiation.
(c) The handle of a saucepan, 30 cm long and 2 cm in diameter is partially immersed in 7
boiling water at 100?C. The average unit conductance over the handle surface is 7.35
W/m2K in the kitchen air at 24?C. The cook is likely to grasp the last 10 cm of the
handle and hence, the temperature of this portion should not exceed 32?C. What should
be the material conductivity of handle? The handle may be treated as a fin of insulated
tip.
OR
(c) Steam at Ti = 320?C flows in a cast iron pipe (k = 80 W/m?C) whose inner and outer 7
diameters are D1= 5 cm and D2 = 5.5 cm, respectively. The pipe is covered with 3 cm
thick glass wool (k=0.05 W/m?C) insulation. Heat is lost to the surroundings at To =
5?C by natural convection, with a heat transfer coefficient of ho = 18 W/m2?C. Taking
the heat transfer coefficient inside the pipe to be hi = 60 W/m2?C, determine the rate of
heat loss from the steam per unit length of the pipe. Also determine the temperature
drops across the pipe shell and the insulation.
Q.3 (a) Suppose a person stated that heat cannot be transferred in a vacuum. How do you 3
respond?
(b) What do y
ou mean by critical radius of insulation? Derive its expression for cylinder.
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(c) Water at the rate of 0.8 kg/s at 90?C flows through a steel tube having 25 mm ID and 7
30 mm OD. The outside surface temperature of the pipe is 84?C and temperature of
surrounding air is 20?C. The room pressure is 1.013 bar and pipe is 15 m long. How
much heat is lost by free convection in the room?
You may use correlation
Nu = 0.53 (Gr Pr)0.25 for 104 < Gr Pr < 109
Nu= 0.10 (Gr Pr)1/3 for 109 < Gr Pr < 1012
Take properties of air as = 1.0877 kg/m3, cp= 1.0073 kJ/kg K,
? = 1.9606 ? 10?5 kg/ms, kf = 0.02813 W/m K
OR
Q.3 (a) Describe the mechanism of thermal conduction in a gas.
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(b) A steam pipe is insulated to reduce the heat loss. However, the measurement reveals 4
that the rate of heat loss has increased instead of decreasing. Can you elaborate the
reasons?
1
(c) A plate of length 750 mm and width 250 mm has be
en placed longitudinally in a stream
7
of crude oil which flows with a velocity of 5 m/s. If the oil has a specific gravity of 0.8
and kinematic viscosity of 1 stroke, calculate: (a) Boundary layer thickness at the
middle of plate (b) Shear stress at the middle of plate and (c) Friction drag on one side
of the plate
Q.4 (a) What is critical Reynolds number? State its approximate values for flow over flat plate 3
and through a circular tube.
(b) Draw the boiling curve with the different boiling regimes. What is the difference 4
between pool boiling and flow boiling?
(c) Consider a 20 cm diameter spherical ball at 800 K suspended in air. Assuming the ball 7
closely approximates a blackbody, determine (a) the total blackbody emissive power,
(b) the total amount of radiation emitted by the ball in 5 min, and (c) the spectral
blackbody emissive power at a wavelength of 3 ?m.
OR
Q.4 (a) What is the cross string method? For what kind of geometries is the crossed string 3
method applicable?
(b) Give the answer for following questions:
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(a) How does the presence of a noncondensable gas in a vapour influence the
condensation heat transfer?
(b) Consider film condensation on the outer surfaces of long tubes. For which
orientation of the tubes will the condensation heat transfer coefficient be the
highest: (a) vertical and (b) horizontal?
(c) Two large parallel planes with emissivity 0.6 are at 900 K and 300 K. A radiation shield 7
with one side polished and having emissivity of 0.05, while the emissivity of other side
is 0.4 is proposed to be used. Which side of the shield to face the hotter plane, if the
temperature of shield is to be kept minimum? Justify your answer.
Q.5 (a) Explain the difference between evaporation and boiling with some suitable examples.
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(b) Write the advantages of effectivenessNTU method over LMTD method.
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(c) A counterflow doublepipe heat exchanger is to heat water from 20?C to 80?C at a rate 7
of 1.2 kg/s. The heating is to be accomplished by geothermal water available at 160?C
at a mass flow rate of 2 kg/s. The inner tube is thinwalled and has a diameter of 1.5
cm. If the overall heat transfer coefficient of the heat exchanger is 640 W/m2K,
determine the length of the heat exchanger required to achieve the desired heating. Take
the specific heats of water and geothermal fluid to be 4.18 and 4.31 kJ/kg K,
respectively.
OR
Q.5 (a) What is the difference between film and dropwise condensation? Which is a more 3
effective mechanism of heat transfer?
(b) A concentric tube heat exchanger with an area of 50 m2 operating under 4
the following c
onditions:
Heat capacity rate,
Inlet temperature Outlet temperature
Fluid
kW/K
?C
?C
Hot
6
70

Cold
3
30
60
(a) What would be the outlet temperature of hot fluid? (b) Is the heat exchanger
operating in counter flow or parallel flow or cannot be determined from the available
information? (c) Determine the overall heattransfer coefficient. (d) Calculate the
effectiveness of the heat exchanger. (e) What would be the effectiveness of this heat
exchanger if its length were greatly increased?
(c) Define effectiveness and NTU and derive equation of effectiveness for parallel flow 7
heat exchanger.
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This post was last modified on 04 March 2021