# Download GTU B.Tech 2020 Summer 8th Sem 2171004 Wireless Communication Question Paper

Download GTU (Gujarat Technological University Ahmedabad) B.Tech/BE (Bachelor of Technology/ Bachelor of Engineering) 2020 Summer 8th Sem 2171004 Wireless Communication Previous Question Paper

Seat No.: ________
Enrolment No.___________
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
BE - SEMESTER? VIII EXAMINATION ? SUMMER 2020
Subject Code: 2171004 Date:27/10/2020
Subject Name: WIRELESS COMMUNICATION
Time: 10:30 AM TO 01:00 PM Total Marks: 70
Instructions:
1. Attempt all questions.

2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.

3. Figures to the right indicate full marks.

MARKS
Q.1 (a) Give full forms of the following acronyms: WLAN, VoIP,
03
AMPS.

(b) Assume a 1 Amp-hour battery is used on a cellular telephone.
04
Also, Assume that the cellular telephone draws 35 mA in idle
mode and 250 mA during a call. Estimate the battery life for
the following cases:
(i) If the user leaves the phone on continually and has one 3-
minute call every day.
(ii) If the user leaves the phone on continually and has one 3-
minute call every 6 hours.
(iii) If the user leaves the phone on continually and has one 3-
minute call every hour.
(iv) Calculate the maximum talk time available on the phone
in this example.
(c) Draw a neat sketch of GSM architecture and state the functions
07
of the following: BSC, MSC, VLR, HLR, AUC.

Q.2 (a) How the cell coverage radius would be affected by the system
03
IS-95 CDMA and IS-54 TDMA.

(b) State the reason(s) for the IS-95 CDMA system to use rate ?
04
convolution encoding in the forward channel and rate 1/3
convolution encoding in the reverse channel.

(c) Briefly discuss security threats in wireless network and suggest
07
possible ways of protection.

OR

(c) Explain the hidden-node problem and exposed-node problem
07
in context of mobile ad-hoc networks.
Q.3 (a) A Wi-Fi system operates at 1 Mbps. Calculate the data transfer
03
time required for a 20 KB file.

(b) Compute the rms delay spread for the power delay profile in
04
FIG.1.
If BPSK modulation is used, what is the maximum bit rate that
can be sent through the channel without needing an equalizer?
1

P() =1
0 ?s 1 ?s 2 ?s
FIG.1

(c) A spectrum of 30 MHz is allocated to a wireless FDD cellular
07
system which uses two 25 kHz simplex channels to provide
full duplex voice and control channels. Compute the number
of channels available per cell if a system uses (i) 4-cell reuse
(ii) 7-cell reuse and (iii) 12-cell reuse. If 1 MHz of the allocated
spectrum is dedicated to control channels, determine an
equitable distribution of control channels and voice channels
in each cell for each of the three systems.

OR

Q.3 (a) A Wi-Fi access point transmits +20 dBm power. The receiver
03
sensitivity of a wireless device in the network is specified as -
85 dBm. Determine the maximum allowable path loss,
ignoring other power losses.

(b) In a digital cellular system, if fc = 900 MHz and the mobile
04
velocity is 60 km/hr, calculate the received carrier frequency if
the mobile is (i) Directed towards the transmitter (ii) going
away from the transmitter and (iii) moving in a direction which
is perpendicular to the direction of the arrival of the transmitted
signal.

(c) For given path loss exponent (A) n=4 and (B) n=3, find the
07
frequency reuse factor and the cluster size that should be used
for maximum capacity. The signal to interference ratio (S/I) is
required to be at least 15 dB for satisfactory system
performance. There are six co-channel cells in the first tier and
all of them are at the same distance from the mobile. Use
suitable approximations.
Q.4 (a) Calculate the change in received signal power in a mobile
03
environment with path loss exponent n=4 at two different
points such that the distance of the second point is two times

(b) Explain salient features of CDMA.
04

(c) Consider two different cellular systems that share the
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following characteristics. The frequency bands are 825-845
circuit consists of one 30 kHz channel in each direction. The
systems are distinguished by the reuse factor, which are 4 and
19 respectively. For these systems, (i) Find the maximum
number of simultaneous conversations that can be supported
by a single cell in each system. (ii) Suppose that in each
systems the cluster of cells (4, 19) is duplicated 16 times, find
the number of simultaneous conversations that can be
supported by each system. Assume 8 TDMA slots/frame for
each system.

OR

Q.4 (a) Calculate the change in received signal power in a free-space
03
propagation environment at two different points such that the
distance of the second point is ten times the distance of the first
2

(b) Discuss the frame efficiency of TDMA with apt equations.
04

(c) Prove that for a regular hexagonal geometry, the frequency
07
reuse ratio and cluster size are related by the relationship Q =
(3N)1/2 , where N= i2 +j2 +ij.
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signal strength.

(b) In the following cases, tell whether the two-ray model could
04
be applied, and explain why or why not:
Case 1: ht = 35 m, hr = 3 m, d = 250 m.
Case 2: ht = 30 m, hr = 1.5 m, d = 450 m.

(c) In a cellular radio operating at 800 MHz, the transmitter and
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the receiver are separated by 500m from each other. The knife-
edge diffraction object between them has a height of 30 m. The
diffraction object is 100 m from transmitter. Find:
(i)
The excess path length
(ii)
The phase difference corresponding to the excess
path length.
(iii)
The Fresnel-Kirchhoff diffraction parameter.
(iv)
The radius of the second Fresnel zone.

OR
Q.5 (a) List types of diversity techniques and explain any one of them
03
in 3-4 sentences.
(b) Define following terms:
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(i) Dwell time (ii) Soft handoff (iii) mobile assisted
handoff (iv) Transceiver
(c) If a baseband binary message with a bit rate of 100 kbps is
07
modulated by an RF carrier using BPSK. Calculate the
following:
(i) Find the range of values required for rms delay spread of