Download GTU (Gujarat Technological University Ahmedabad) B.Tech/BE (Bachelor of Technology/ Bachelor of Engineering) 2020 Summer 3rd Sem 3131905 Engineering Thermodynamics Previous Question Paper

Enrolment No.___________

**GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY**

**BE - SEMESTER? III EXAMINATION ? SUMMER 2020**

**Subject Code: 3131905**

**Date:02/11/2020**

**Subject Name: Engineering Thermodynamics**

**Time: 02:30 PM TO 05:00 PM**

**Total Marks: 70**

**Instructions:**

**1. Attempt all questions.**

**2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.**

**3. Figures to the right indicate full marks.**

4.

**Use of Steam table and refrigeration property table is permissible.**

**Marks**

**Q.1 (a)**State and define different thermodynamic systems

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**(b)**Describe quasi-static process.

**04**

**(c)**A reversible heat engine operates between two reservoirs

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at temperature of 600?C and 40?C. The engine drives a

reversible refrigerator which operates between reservoirs

at temperatures of 40?C and -20?C. The heat transfer to the

heat engine is 2000 kJ and the net work output of

combined engine refrigerator plant is 360 kJ. Evaluate the

heat transfer to the refrigerant and net heat transfer to the

reservoir at 40?C.

**Q.2 (a)**State first law for a closed system undergoing (i) cycle and

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(ii) a change of state.

**(b)**Show that the COP of a heat pump is greater than the COP

**04**

of refrigerator by unity.

**(c)**The mass rate of flow into a steam turbine is 1.5 kg/s, and

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the heat loss from the turbine is 8.5 kW. The following

data are known for the steam entering and leaving the

turbine. Determine power output from turbine.

**OR**

**(c)**Nitrogen enters a diffuser at 100 kPa, 300 K, with a

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velocity of 250 m/s and the exit velocity is 25 m/s. If

nitrogen can be considered as an ideal gas

with Cp=1.042 kJ/kg K, Find the exit temperature of

Diffuser.

**Q.3 (a)**State and prove Clausius theorem.

**03**

**(b)**Suppose that 1 kg of saturated water vapor at 100?C is

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condensed to a saturated liquid at 100?C in a constant-

pressure process by heat transfer to the surrounding air,

which is at 25?C. What is the net increase in entropy of the

water plus surroundings?

**(c)**Explain principle of increase of entropy. Apply it for the

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heat transfer through a finite temperature difference.

1

**OR**

**Q.3 (a)**Define following terms (i) Availability (ii) Irreversibility

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and (iii) Dead state.

**(b)**Explain Guoy-Stodola theorem.

**04**

**(c)**5 kg of air at 550 K and 4 bar is enclosed in a closed

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system.(i) Determine the availability of the system if the

surrounding pressure and temperature are 1 bar and 290 K

respectively. (ii) If the air is cooled at constant pressure to

the atmospheric temperature, determine the availability

and effectiveness. Assume specific heats remain constant

during process. For air consider Cp= 1.005 kJ/kgK and Cv=

0.718 kJ/kgK.

**Q.4 (a)**State the assumptions made for the analysis of air standard

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cycle

**(b)**For the same compression ratio and heat rejection, which

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cycle is most efficient: Otto, Diesel or Dual? Explain with

p-v and T-s diagram.

**(c)**In a steam power cycle, the dry saturated steam supplied

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at 15 bar. The condenser pressure is 0.4 bar. Calculate the

Carnot and Rankine efficiencies of the cycle. Neglect

pump work.

**OR**

**Q.4 (a)**Draw the sketch of Rankine cycle p-V, T-s and h-s

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diagram (consider Inlet and exit to turbine is superheated

and saturated steam respectively).

**(b)**Explain simple regenerative Rankine cycle.

**04**

**(c)**An air standard Diesel cycle has a compression ratio of 20,

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with an inlet state of 95 kPa, 290 K, and a maximum cycle

temperature of 1800 K. If air can be assumed to be an ideal

gas with R= 0.287 kJ/kg.K and Cv= 0.717 kJ/kg.K,

Determine net specific work output of the cycle.

**Q.5 (a)**Draw open cycle gas turbine diagram and represent simple

**03**

Brayton cycle on T-s and p-V diaram.

**(b)**Explain Bomb calorimeter with neat sketch.

**04**

**(c)**An ice-making machine operates on ideal vapour

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compression refrigeration cycle using refrigerant R-12.

The refrigerant enters the compressor as dry saturated

vapour at ? 15?C and leaves the condenser as saturated

liquid at 30?C. Water enters the machine at 15?C and

leaves as ice at ? 5?C. For an ice production rate of 2400

kg in a day, determine the power required to run the unit.

F

ind also the C.O.P. of the machine. Use refrigerant table

only to solve the problem. Take the latent heat of fusion

for water as 335 kJ/kg. Assume

*Cpic*e=2.0935 kJ/kgK and

*Cpwater*=4.187 kJ/kgK.

**OR**

**Q.5 (a)**Draw the T-s and P-h diagram of VCR cycle when inlet to

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compressor is superheated vapour and condenser outlet is

sub-cooled liquid.

**(b)**Discuss factors affecting performance of VCR cycle.

**04**

**(c)**Calculate the amount of theoretical air required for the

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combustion of 1 kg of acetylene (C2H2) to CO2 and H2O.

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This post was last modified on 04 March 2021