NEET 2019 MBBS And BDS Entrance Exam Syllabus for Physics

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CORE SYLLABUS for NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST
for Admission to MBBS/BDS Courses 2019

 

The Medical Council of India (MCI) recommended the following syllabus for NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST for admission to MBBS/BDS courses across the country after review of various State syllabi as well as those prepared by CBSE, NCERT and COBSE. This is to establish uniformity across the country keeping in view the relevance of different areas in Medical Education.

 

S.No. CLASS XI CLASS XII
1. Physical world and measurement Electrostatics
2. Kinematics Current Electricity
3. Laws of Motion Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
4. Work, Energy and Power Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
5. Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Electromagnetic Waves
6. Gravitation Optics
7. Properties of Bulk Matter Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
8. Thermodynamics Atoms and Nuclei
9. Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Electronic Devices
10. Oscillations and Waves

 

UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

 General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.

 Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
 Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular
formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

UNIT II: Structure of Atom

 Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie‟s
relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules for
filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund‟s rule, electronic configuration of
atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

 Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii,
ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence

UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

 Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence
bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and
shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only).
Hydrogen bond.

 

UNIT V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws ofelucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle‟s law, Charle‟s law, Gay Lussac‟s law, Avogadro‟s law, ideal behaviour ofgases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.

Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

UNIT VI : Thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH,Hess‟s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation,phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution.
Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction.

UNIT VII: Equilibrium

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibriumconstant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier‟s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong andweak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of PH., Hydrolysis of salts(elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrativeexamples).

UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions

Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms ofloss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers.

UNIT IX: Hydrogen

Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical andchemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure;

UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

Group I and group 2 elements:
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group,diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends inchemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodiumand potassium.
Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

 

UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements

General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states,trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds:borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states,trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemicalproperties: uses of some important compounds: oxides.
Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

 

UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques

General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclatureof organic compounds.
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation.
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles,types of organic reactions.

UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons

Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including freeradical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods ofpreparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov‟s addition andperoxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions:acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties:mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft‟s alkylation and acylation;directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.

 

UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmosphericpollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control ofenvironmental pollution.

CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS 

UNIT I: Solid State

Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous andcrystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density ofunit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects,electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

UNIT II: Solutions

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solidsolutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult‟s law, elevation of boiling point, depressionof freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecularmass. Van Hoff factor.

UNIT III: Electrochemistry
Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity withconcentration, kohlrausch‟s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells andGalvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change andEMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.

UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst;order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only forzero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activationenergy, Arrhenious equation.

 

UNIT V: Surface Chemistry

Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous andheterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids andsuspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect,Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence andprinciples of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

UNIT VII: p- Block Elements

Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical andchemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only);Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5)and oxoacids (elementary idea only).

Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical andchemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropicforms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrialprocess of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).

Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical andchemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid,interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).

Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties,uses.

UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the firstrow transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property,magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and itsconsequences.
Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPACnomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner‟s theoryVBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions.Optical rotation.
Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compoundsonly).
Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only);identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference tomethanol and ethanol.

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillicsubstitution reactions, uses of phenols.

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

 

UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemicalproperties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses,identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.

Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.

Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT XIV: Biomolecules
Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration,oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure,tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
Vitamins- Classification and function.
Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

 

UNIT XV: Polymers
Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Someimportant polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradablepolymers.

UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics,antacids, antihistamines.
Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

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