Pharma D 2nd Year Pathophysiology Important Questions

Pharma D Second Year (Second Year) Pathophysiology Important Question Bank


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Essay Questions Pharma D 2nd Year


  1. 1. Define Cell Injury. Explain its Etiology and Pathogenesis
  2. Discuss the pathophysiology of i) Atherosclerosis ii) Renal failure.
  3. Define Cell injury. Explain the pathogenesis of cell injury. Add a note on various cellular adaptations.
  4. Explain the etiology and pathogenesis of Cancer.
    List out the differences between benign and malignant cancer.
  5. Explain the process of repair of wounds in the skin.
    Mention the factors that influence the healing of wounds.
  6. Define hypersensitivity. List out the types of hypersensitivity.
    Discuss any two types in detail.
  7. Define acute inflammation. Explain the pathogenesis of acute inflammation.
    Add a note on the chemical mediators of inflammation.
  8. Discuss the pathogenesis, symptoms and associated
    complications of Diabetes.
  9. Discuss the pathophysiology of a) Hypertension. b) Atherosclerosis.
  10. Write a note on the following: a) Protein Calorie Malnutrition. b) Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.
  11. a) What is Hepatitis? Discuss in detail the types of hepatitis. b) Pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis.
  12. Define the term auto immunity and explain the mechanism of Autoimmunity.
    Classify autoimmune disease and explain in detail about pathophysiology of any three
    auto immune disease.
  13. Give note on repair of wound with factors influencing wound healing.
  14. Detail about pathophysiology of Atherosclerosis.
  15. Enumerate on various types of hypersensitivity reactions.
  16. Define and discuss about pathogenesis of cell injury.
  17.  Discuss on chemical mediators of inflammation
  18. Detail about criteria and classification of autoimmune disease in man.
  19. Explain the etiology and pathogenesis of cancer.
  20. Write a note on pathophysiology of Acute Renal Failure.
  21. Explain briefly about etiology and Pathogenesis of chronic renal failure.
  22. Pathophysiology of peptic ulcer.
  23. What is Hepatitis? Discuss in detail the types of hepatitis
  24. Enumerate on types of shock with their stages and mechanism.
  25. Define Diabetes Mellitus. Discuss about its complications
  26. Enumerate on etiology and pathogenesis of Urinary Tract infection
  27. Discuss about Air Pollution.
  28. Chronic Obstructive Airway Diseases.
  29. Explain the etiology and pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus.
  30. Pathogenesis of Acute Inflammation.
  31. Define autoimmunity and add a detailed note on immunological tolerance.
  32. Write in detail on the mediators of inflammation.
  33. Write briefly on the etiopathogenesis of Asthma.
  34. Explain on the pathogenesis and morphology of cell injury.
  35. Explain the etiology and pathogenesis of Cancer.
  36. Discuss the causes and pathophysiology of Congestive Cardiac failure
  37. Write a note on Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  38. Elaborate on the biological effects of Radiation.
  39. Write a note on etiology and pathophysiology of Acute Renal Failure.
  40. Discuss about types of hypersensitivity in detail.
  41. Explain the risk factors involved and the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis
  42. Elaborate on types of shock with their stages and mechanism
  43. Give a detailed account of Malaria.
  44. Discuss in detail the healing of wounds on the skin.
  45. Write a detailed account on the patterns and mechanism of spread of tumours
  46. Discuss the types, causes and pathogenesis of hypertension
  47. Write a note on cellular adaptations and Glycogen storage diseases
  48. Discuss the causative organism, mode of transmission and pathophysiology of
  49. Discuss the etiology, types, pathogenesis and complications of peptic ulcer.
  50. Write a note on general biology of tumours.




Short Questions



  1. Give the mechanism of wound healing
  2. What is metastasis? List out the differences of benign and malignant tumours.
  3. Give the Etiology of diabetes. Discuss the diabetic related complications.
  4. Write a brief note on alcoholic liver disease.
  5. Explain the Pathophysiology of Stroke.
  6. Give the etiology and causes of Edema.
  7. Explain the factors that influence the healing of wounds.
  8. Explain briefly the pathogenesis and mode of transmission of AIDS.
  9. Discuss the pathogenesis of Parkinsonism.
  10. Write a brief note on Protein Calorie Malnutrition.
  11. Complications of Diabetes Mellitus.
  12. Discuss the cause, mode of spread and pathogenesis of Leprosy.
  13. Discuss the biological effects of radiation.
  14. Write a brief note on Pneumonia.
  15. Discuss the pathogenesis of Acute Renal Failure.
  16. Explain the mechanism of autoimmunity.
  17. Discuss the pathogenesis of Schizophrenia.
  18. Explain the process of Apoptosis
  19. Discuss the classification of Tumors.
  20. Explain the pathogenesis of Hypertension
  21. Write a brief note on Malaria
  22. Discuss the pathogenesis of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
  23. Discuss the various stages of Shock.
  24. Discuss the pathogenesis of Obesity.
  25. Write a note on food allergy.
  26. Define Cell injury. Discuss the causes of cell injury.
  27. Discuss the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis.
  28. Write a note on T and B lymphocytes.
  29. Give the etiology of Peptic Ulcer. Discuss the pathogenesis of Peptic Ulcer.
  30. Write a brief note on Alcoholic Liver Disease.
  31. Discuss the etiology of Cancer.
  32. Write a brief note on Urinary Tract Infections.
  33. Pathogenesis of HIV infection
  34. Discuss the pathogenesis of Asthma.
  35. Discuss the pathogenesis of Ischemic Stroke.
  36. Discuss the cause, mode of spread and pathogenesis of Tuberculosis.
  37. Discuss the pathophysiology of Asthma and Chronic obstructive airway diseases.
  38. Write a brief note on alcoholic liver disease.
  39. Write a brief note on vitamins.
  40. Discuss the biological effects of radiation.
  41. What is the metastasis? List out the differences of benign and malignant tumors.
  42. Discuss the pathophysiology of stroke.
  43. Explain the factors that influence the healing of wounds.
  44. Explain the Etiology and Pathogenesis of cancer.
  45. Write a note on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  46. Biological effects of radiations.
  47. Pathophysiology of Asthma.
  48. Pathogenesis of Chronic obstructive airway disease.
  49. Pathophysiology of chronic renal failure.
  50. Differentiate benign and malignant tumor.
  51. Mechanism and stages of shock.
  52. Define congestive cardiac failure and add a note on its pathophysiology.
  53. Types of stroke and its pathophysiology
  54. Mechanism of parkinsonism.
  55. Pathogenesis of peptic ulcer.
  56. Mechanism of auto immunity and organ rejection.
  57. Write a brief note on Urinary Tract Infections.
  58. Explain about the process involved chronic inflammation
  59. Peptic ulcer disease
  60. Write short notes on causes and pathogenesis of cell injury.
  61. Pathophysiology of Parkinson’s disease.
  62. Discuss brief notes on pathophysiology of tuberculosis
  63. Classify tumor and write brief notes on each.
  64. Pathophysiology of amyloid deposition with disease model.
  65. Mention about classification of tumors.
  66. Note on pathogenesis of Starvation.
  67. Write about etiology of Cirrhosis.
  68. Explain about Schizophrenia
  69. Write brief note on Syphilis.
  70. Pathophysiology of Hypertension.
  71. Explain biological effects of Radiation.
  72. Pathogenesis of Tuberculosis.
  73. Write about etiology of Asthma
  74. Pathophysiology of Ischemic Stroke
  75. Discuss about nutritional diseases.
  76. Differentiate between duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer.
  77. Explain briefly the pathogenesis and mode of transmission of AIDS.
  78. Protein calorie malnutrition
  79. Patterns of spread of tumors
  80. Note on Amyloidosis
  81. Pathogenesis of leprosy
  82. Define congestive cardiac failure and its types
  83. Inflammatory Bowl Diseases.
  84. Urinary Tract Infections.
  85. T and B cells.
  86. Glycogen storage diseases.
  87. Write a brief note on Typhoid.
  88. Fat soluble vitamins.
  89. Write a note on Vascular and Cellular responses of inflammation.
  90. Brief about the allergy due to various factors with example.
  91. List the various types of Pneumonia with its etiology.
  92. Write the pathophysiology of Parkinsonism
  93. Classify tumors and write general biology of Tumors.
  94. Define Anaphylaxis and write the management of Anaphylaxis.
  95. Alcoholic liver diseases.
  96. Pathogenesis of depression
  97. Food allergy.
  98. Hypersensitivity Type II reaction.
  99. Morphology of cell injury.
  100. Write a note on Gonorrhoea.
  101. Microbial carcinogenesis.
  102. ‘T’ cell mediated hypersensitivity.
  103. Effects of ionizing radiation
  104. Pathogenesis of Schizophrenia.
  105. Explain the pathophysiology of angina.
  106. Life cycle of malaria.
  107. Write about Urinary Tract Infections.
  108. Describe the pathogenesis of Parkinsonism.
  109. Write a note on T and B Lymphocytes.
  110. Give note on Protein Calorie Malnutrition.
  111. Discuss the pathophysiology of Hypertension.
  112. Write about chemical cell injury.
  113. Discuss the cause, mode of spread and pathogenesis of Tuberculosis. .
  114. What is Hepatitis? Discuss in detail the different types of hepatitis.
  115. Classify tumors with their general biology.
  116. Define and explain the mechanism of auto immunity
  117. Write briefly about repair of wounds in the skin.
  118. Give note on pathogenesis of Starvation.
  119. What is Angina Pectoris? Explain the different types of angina pectoris.
  120. Give the causes and types of Asthma
  121. Write a note on Typhoid.
  122. Give the mechanism of rejection of allograf
  123. Give the etiology of cell injury.
  124. What are MHC proteins? Give their significance
  125. Give the factors influencing wound healing.
  126. Write a note on Schizophrenia.
  127. Give an account of the patterns of spread of tumours.
  128. Write a note on Air pollution.
  129. Give the pathogenesis of starvation.



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Pharma D Last 10 Years 2011-2021 Papers





Above question papers are applicable for below universities

Pondicherry University
NTR University of Health Sciences, VijayWada
Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM University) Deemed, Visakhapatnam
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences (SVIMS), Tirupati
Srimanta Shankardeva University of Health Sciences
Statutory Autonomous, AIIMS
Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna
Indira Gandhi Instt of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Patna
B.N. Mandal University
Veer Kunwar Singh University,Bihar
Ayush and Health Sciences University, Raipur
Punjab University
Chhattisgarh Ayush and Health Sciences University, Raipur
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
University of Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University)
Delhi University
Goa University
Gujarat University
Saurashtra University
Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University,Patan
MS University of Baroda
Veer Narmad South Gujarat University
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinghji Bhavnagar University
KSKV Kachchh University, Bhuj
Parul University, Vadodara
Sardar Patel University
Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University (Deemed), Vadodra
PT. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak
Maharishi Marakandeshwar University (Deemed), Ambala
Himachal Pradesh University
Maharishi Marakandeshwar University, Kumarhatti, Solan
Jammu University
Kashmir University
Deemed University, Jammu & Kashmir
Kolhan University, Chaibasa
Vinoba Bhave University
Ranchi University
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences
KLE Academy of Higher Education & Research (Deemed), Belgaum
JSS University, Mysore
Manipal Academy of Higher Education (Deemed University), Manipal
Nitte University (Deemed), Mangalore
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research (Deemed University), Kolar
Sri Siddhartha Academy of Higher Education, Tumkur
Yenepoya University of Health Sciences (Deemed), Mangalore
Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University (Deemed), Coimbatore
Calicut University
Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala
Barkatullah University
Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Jabalpur
Dr. Harising Gour University,Sagar
Jiwaji University
Devi Ahilya Vishwa Vidyalaya
Rani Durgavati Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur
Peoples University, Bhopal
Vikram University, Ujjain
AP Singh University
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik
Bharati Vidyapeeth University (Deemed), Pune
Dr. D Y Patil University (Deemed), Pimpri, Pune
D.Y. Patil Education Society (Deemed University), Kolhapur
Datta Meghe Instt. of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Nagpur
Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University (Deemed), Karad
MGM Institute of Health Sciences (Deemed University), Navi Mumbai
Padmashree Dr. D Y Patil University (Deemed), Navi Mumbai
Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Ahmednagar
Manipur University
North Eastern Hill University, Shillong
Utkal University
Sambalpur University
KIIT University (Deemed), Bhubaneswar
Berhampur University
North Odisha University, Baripada, Odisha
Vinayaka Missions University (Deemed), Salem
Statutory Autonomous, Puducherry
Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed University), Pondicherry
Bharath University (Deemed), Chennai
Adesh University, Bathinda
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences,Faridkot
Rajasthan University of Health Sciences
Rajasthan University
Jaipur National University (Private Univ.)
NIMS University (Deemed), Jaipur
Pacific Medical University, Udaipur
Sikkim Manipal Univ. of Health,Medical & Tech. Scs
Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute (Deemed University), Chennai
The Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical University,Chennai
Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (Deemed University), Chettinad
Meenakshi University (Deemed), Chennai
Annamalai University
Saveetha University (Deemed), Chennai
Sri Ramachandra University (Deemed), Chennai
SRM Institute of Science & Technology
Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences, Warangal
Tripura University
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Uttarakhand Medical Education University
Kumaon University, Nainital
Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun
H. N. B Garhwal University
Uttrakhand Technical University, Dehradun
Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad
King Georges Medical University,Lucknow
Dr B R Ambedkar University,Agra, U.P.
Glocal University, Saharanpur
Ch. Charan Singh Universitiy, Meerut
C.S.J.M. University, Kanpur
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi
Banaras Hindu University
Integral University, Lucknow
Aligarh Muslim University
Bundelkhand University
M J P Rohilkhand University
Santosh University
Sharda University, Greater Noida
Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut
Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad
Dr. Shakuntala Misra National Rehabilitation University, Lucknow
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University
Shri Venkateshwara University, Gajraula
West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Kolkata


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